How to Reduce the Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

There are a wide range of sexually transmitted diseases that you want to protect yourself against. Even taking contraception or ensuring the girl you are with is on contraception does not reduce the risk of you getting one of the diseases.

The good news is that the majority of STD’s are treatable. There are a few that aren’t, there is no cure, but there is effective treatment to help you manage the symptoms in the long term.

The common sexually transmitted diseases you will want to get to know about include HIV/AIDS, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B, just to mention a few. Each one has its own signs and symptoms, which is why it’s advisable to have confidential STD testing on a regular or semi-regular basis.

In order to reduce the risk of contracting any one of these diseases, you will want to use a condom. You should use a condom at all times, including if using toys, this can dramatically reduce the risk of contracting these diseases as they are spread through bodily fluids, which also includes blood.

Limit the number of partners you have. While you may find it fun to wake up in a different bed on a regular basis, you are not doing yourself any favors, by limiting your partners you can dramatically reduce the risk of getting any one of these diseases. Those in long term relationships with only one partner have the lowest risk of contracting these diseases unless one of you has another partner or has a drug habit.

One of the easiest ways to reduce the risk is to limit your alcohol and drug use. Spending a night out on the town and drinking in excess can leave you without any inhibitions, making it difficult to ensure that you don’t make the mistake and go home with someone, something you wouldn’t ordinarily do if you weren’t drinking. Rather be safe than sorry and limit yourself when drinking or ensure you are in the right frame of mind to make the best health decisions and reduce the risk of regret later on.

Now whether you find yourself in a situation with a new partner or you feel you have been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease in some way, the only way to be sure is to have a confidential STD test. The good news is that you can book your test online and there are literally thousands of laboratories that carry out this form of testing using numbers rather than names, so your name is kept private at all times.

You may have taken precautions, such as using a condom or ensuring that you didn’t drink too much, only to find out later that you have a partner that has been sharing needles, this is an example only. This has instantly put you at risk.

Do some online research into finding the best companies that can provide you with confidential STD testing. The thing to look for is a company that takes your privacy very seriously. They shouldn’t only offer a testing process, they should also offer advice and recommendations, along with counselling if needed and medical professionals who are able to give you a prescription if you need one.

If you have been diagnosed with a disease through confidential STD testing, it is imperative that you refrain from having sex for as long as the medical professional recommends while you take your medication. This reduces the risk of you passing on the disease to the next person.

7 Diseases Spread by Mosquitoes

No doubt, mosquitoes are such bothersome insects plaguing mankind today. With just one bite, this tiny pest can cause you trouble for a period of time.

On most cases, a mosquito bite can be harmless. Small bumps may emerge on the bitten skin, which may itch for a while and then disappear and disregarded.

However, there are times when a simple mosquito bite can result into something life-threatening. These tiny insects consume the blood of their hosts and as they fly from one victim to another, they can transmit mosquito-borne diseases. Various types of diseases can be acquired from a mosquito bite that can range from merely an annoyance to grave and alarming illnesses. Exterminating mosquitoes can be tough, but there are certain actions that you can take to protect yourself from getting bitten and refrain from having a mosquito-borne illness.

Below is a list of mosquito-borne diseases and symptoms that you should watch out for:

Zika Virus

Symptoms of Zika virus include fever, rash, pain in the joints and redness in the eyes. This disease is highly dangerous to pregnant women as it can cause birth defects such as microcephaly, which affects the head and brain.

Brazil and other South American countries are the areas where Zika virus is endemic. Up to date, there is still no known vaccine for Zika. Pregnant women should stay away from these areas to avoid coming into contact with the virus or mosquitoes carrying it.

Dengue Virus

This virus is found in many tourist spots in South America, the Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia but is rare in the United States. Rash, fever, headache, abnormal bruising and bleeding gums are the typical symptoms of this virus. There is no vaccine for Dengue and if neglected and not treated properly, this virus can cause a hemorrhagic fever that can be very fatal. It’s best to take measures to prevent mosquito bites, especially in areas frequented by the Dengue virus.

West Nile Virus

Most of the time, people do not experience symptoms from this virus. However, there are cases when this virus causes fever, joint pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash. On some occasion, this virus can lead to serious complications such as encephalitis and meningitis. Prevalent in almost every U.S. states, this virus, again, has no available vaccine.

Malaria

Commonly found in African countries, Malaria has symptoms like headache, fever, chills and vomiting. It is rarely found in the U.S. but if you travel a lot especially in African countries, you may get infected with the disease too. If you are in a place where this virus is prevalent, it is highly recommended to sleep under a mosquito net, apply insect repellent spray or lotion and spray insecticides in the area to keep the mosquitoes away.

Yellow Fever

Jaundice is caused by yellow fever, which can make one’s skin and eyes look yellowish. In addition, symptoms like headache, backache, chills and vomiting may also be experienced. Mosquitoes carrying this disease are prevalent in South America or Africa. There is a vaccine available to fight off this disease.

Chikungunya

Strong joint pain that in most cases may be severe that can affect one’s movement is the main symptom of Chikungunya. Rash, headache, nausea, and fatigue are other symptoms included in this disease. As there are many cases of Chikungunya in Europe and the Americas, this disease is found in Asia and India too. While many people recover from this disease, there is no known cure for Chikungunya. This disease may last for months or even years.

La Crosse Encephalitis

Most of the time, symptoms of this illness are not noticeable, but it may cause fever, headache, and nausea. There are around 100 cases of La Crosse Encephalitis reported in the US each year, mainly in the upper mid-west, mid-Atlantic and southwest.

Stay Safe

If mosquitoes are chronic in your area, guard yourself from being bitten. You should avoid areas where there’s stagnant water in which mosquitoes may breed. Try to stay indoors during the times when these insects are out the most. If you need to go out, make sure to use repellents for your protection.

When you are faced with symptoms other than the itchiness and redness from a mosquito bite, consult a doctor immediately to prevent any further complications.

Is Sterilizing Your Pruning Tools Necessary?

Pruning is a very tedious job but the results are well worth it. Plants are at your mercy once the pruners come out and you start towards the them. As they see you coming towards them like a dentist with a needle. They are probably wondering ” I hope those are clean”. Sterile instrument no matter what the job is very important. The spreading of disease from plant to plant because you didn’t take two minutes to simply wipe down your pruners before beginning could cost you more in the long run.

Let me give you an example. Not long ago during the first weeks of spring, I was landscaping for a client and noticed her roses were not in the best of shape. It wasn’t just one rose but a whole row. The stalks were nice and tall but the leaves had a unusual appearance to them. If you know rose leaves then you know they are not the most attractive leaves but they do have a distinct look. Most of them are light green and are somewhat heart shaped. Not these leaves. Can you imagine what the end of a witches broom looks like? That is exactly what the leaves resembled. They were long and stringy with no shape at all. This is a disease in roses called Rose Rosette Disease. It can wipe out a ton of roses. One way the disease is transmitted is through pruning. When you use tools that have not been disinfected before using them compromises your plants to a whole host of diseases. That is why I am a big advocate on disinfecting pruning tools after every use. I maintain many homeowner’s landscaping and when I do I always start with a clean pair of cutting tools or I use their tools in hopes that they have followed the same guide lines that I have in protecting their landscaping. Keeping your tools clean will save you money and time in the long run. It only takes a couple of minutes after all.

There are several household disinfecting agents that will get the job done and most likely already have them on hand under your sink. Most nurseries and commercial greenhouses use commercial strength disinfectant to clean and prevent infections. If they put that much care into their plant you should do the same. By the way, I’m pretty sure you are just as concerned in your investment as they are. No matter what product you choose technique is key to proper disinfecting in order to stop the spread of disease and keep your pruners in great working order.

Bone Diseases and Treatment Process

Bone disease known as “osteopathy” the term osteopathy is commonly used to refer to another healthcare philosophy. the bones support the body move, shape and help your body. the Living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. During childhood to your teens, the body adds new bone faster than it removes aged bone. After on age 20, you can drop bone faster than you build bone. To have muscular bones when you are young, and to stop bone loss when you are older.

Need to get sufficient vitamin D, calcium and exercise. You should also keep away from drinking too much alcohol and smoking.

Let’s start here telling about types of bone diseases:

  • Osteoporosis- A medical situation in which the bones develop into fragile and Delicate from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta – An inherited disorder characterized by rearward fragility of the bones
  • Rickets – A disease of children caused by vitamin D deficiency, characterized by imperfect calcification, softening, and distortion of the bones typically resulting in bow legs.
  • Fracture of bone Fracture, in pathology, a break in a bone caused by stress. Certain normal and pathological conditions may predispose the bone to fracture. Children have relatively weak bones due to incomplete calcification, and older adults, especially women past menopause develop osteoporosis, a weakening of concomitant bone with aging.
  • Osteomyelitis Infection of bone tissue. The disease is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus infectious organism, reaching the bone through the bloodstream or extension of a local lesion; Inflammation continues with cancellous ossicle destruction (porous) and bone, loss of blood supply and bone death
  • Osteosarcoma The most common bone cancer, which affects mainly the long ossicle, particularly the regions knee, hip or shoulder. The cause of osteosarcoma is unknown, but genetic factors and radiotherapy may be involved in its development. Osteosarcoma occurs more often in males than in females; the most affected people are under 30 years.
  • Bone disease Any of the diseases or injuries affecting human bones. Diseases and injuries of the bones are the main causes of abnormalities of the human skeletal system. Although physical injury, causing fracture, dominates disease, fracture is just one of the common causes of bone disease, and the disease is in fact a common cause of fracture.
  • Metabolic bone disease Any of various diseases causing various abnormalities or ossicle deformities. Examples of metabolic bone diseases including osteoporosis, rickets, osteomalacia, osteogenesis imperfecta, marble bone disease (osteopetrosis), Paget’s disease of bone and fibrous dysplasia. In clinical terms, metabolic bone diseases can cause bone pain and loss of height (due to compression of the vertebrae), and predispose patients to fracture.
  • Achondroplasia genetic disorder characterized by an abnormality in the conversion of cartilage into ossicle. Consequently, the bones dependent models of cartilage development, particularly the long bones such as the femur and humerus, cannot grow. Achondroplasia is the most common cause of dwarfism.
  • Neurofibromatosis Any two distinct hereditary disorders characterized by skin lesions and benign tumors, which are enlarged progressively nervous system. Neurofibromatosis type 1, also known as von Recklinghausen’s disease is much more common of the two disorders and is present in approximately one of every 3,000 live births.
  • Paget disease of bone chronic disease of middle age, characterized by excessive breakdown and formation of bone tissue. It is a localized disease that can be unifocal, affecting a single bone, or multifocal, affecting many bones or nearly entire skeleton. For this reason, it is included between metabolic ossicle diseases.
  • Osteomalacia Condition in which the ossicle of an adult gradually soften due to inadequate bone mineralization. (In children, the condition is called rickets.) Osteomalacia may occur after several pregnancies or old age, resulting in increased susceptibility to fractures. Symptoms include ossicle pain, weakness, numbness of the limbs.
  • Bone cancer Disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth of ossicle cells. The primary bone cancer, that is, cancer that arises in the bone directly, is relatively rare. In the United States, for example, only about 2,400 new cases of primary bone cancer are diagnosed each year.
  • Ewing tumor of bone This type of bone cancer most commonly appears on the shafts of long bones such as the femur, tibia or humerus, or ribs or flat ossicle. The pelvis, scapula or skull. Related tumors may also develop in soft tissues.
  • Marble bone disease Rare disorder in which the bones become extremely dense, hard and brittle. The disease progresses as bone growth continues; Ossiclee cavities are filled with compact bone. Because increased crowds marrow bone mass, resulting in a reduced amount of bone and therefore a reduced capacity to produce red blood cells, severe anemia results capacity.
  • Osteochondroma Solitary benign tumor that consists of cartilage and ossicle portion. Osteochondroma are common and can spontaneously develop after a trauma or may have a hereditary basis. No treatment is required unless the tumor interferes with the function, in which case it must be surgically removed.
  • Osteochondrosis- Temporary orthopedic relatively common disorder in which children epiphysis (end growth) of a bone dies and then gradually replaced over a period of years. The immediate cause of bone death is the loss of blood supply, but the cause of the latter is unclear. The most common form, the flat coxa, or Legg-CalvĂ©-Perthes disease affects the hip.
  • Fibrous dysplasia Rare congenital disorder of development that begins in childhood and is characterized by the substitution of solid calcified bone with fibrous tissue, often only on one side of the body and especially in the long ossicle and the pelvis. The disease appears to result from a genetic mutation that leads to overproduction of fibrous tissue.
  • Cleidocranial dysostosis congenital disorder, characterized by rare inherited clavicles that are absent or reduced in size, cranial abnormalities and abnormal dentition. The shoulders can sometimes play in front of the chest, and certain facial bones are underdeveloped or missing.
  • Osteoma- Small, often solitary bone tumor mainly found in the ossicle of the skull. Osteomas generally appear in late childhood or young adulthood; They are often asymptomatic. not become malignant, and treatment (excision) is necessary only if the tumor interferes with normal operation.
  • Osteoclastoma Bone is predominantly at the end of long ossicle in the knee region, but also occur in the wrist, arm and pelvis. Large multinucleated cells (giant cells) found in these tumors resemble osteoclasts, so the name of the tumor. Usually seen in adult women between the ages of 20 and 40, this relatively rare, painful tumor is potentially malignant.
  • Bone cyst Benigno saclike and that is usually filled with fluid. The unicameral ossicle cyst affect the long bones, particularly the humerus and femur, or heel bones in children and adolescents and is often detected as a result of a fracture. Treatment involves removal of the cyst and a bone graft, but spontaneous healing is common.
  • Melorheostosis rare disorder of unknown cause in which cortical bone growth occurs along the main axis of a bone so that resemble drops of candles. Pain is the main symptom, and stiffness and deformity may result. Usually, only one limb and hip or shoulder are affected.
  • Callus osteology In osteology, cartilaginous bone material and forming a bridge connecting through a ossicle fracture during repair. Within one to two weeks after injury, a provisional callus forms, wrapping the fracture site. Osteoblasts, bone-forming cells in the periosteum (the layer where new bone bone occurs) proliferate rapidly.
  • Caffey syndrome An inherited disease of children, characterized by swelling of the periosteum (bone layer where new ossicle is produced) and the ossicle cortex of the arms, shoulder girdle and lower jaw. The disease is accompanied by fever and irritability; After a series of periodic exacerbations, it disappears spontaneously.
  • Mandibulofacial dysostosis A rare genetic disorder, inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and characterized by some or all of the following: underdeveloped cheek ossicle and jaw, widely spaced eyes, malformation of the lower eyelid and lack of eyelashes, malformation of the atrium ear, absence of an external ear canal resulting conductive deafness.
  • Fracture dislocation A serious injury fracture and dislocation simultaneously occur. Often, a loose piece of bone remains jammed between the ends of bones and dislocated may have to be surgically removed before displacement can be reduced.

Treatment Process –

If you have any difficulty in bones, find the best doctor for a consult.