What Do You Need to Know About Multiple Sclerosis

1. Multiple Sclerosis:

Multiple Sclerosis is one amongst the widely afflicting diseases today. It can be interpreted to be a disease of nervous system where it worsens over a period of time with loss of feeling and loss of control of movement and speech. So, MS attacks the individual’s central nervous system that is constituted of different nerves and nerve fibers. It involves a threat to his brain, spinal cord and eye or optical nerves. Basically MS hampers or destructs the protein that safeguards the nerve fibers. This protective protein is known as myelin and it aids in the communication between nerve cells. Once myelin gets burnt up, a breakdown occurs in the nerve cells’ co-ordination. Its effect is visible in the behavior (that drifts from normal to abnormal) of the individual. Along with this there appear lesions and plaques occur on that part of the body where demyelination takes place. But this is not all. Most often the cells that help in regaining myelin are even eliminated. The individual’s body then succumbs to damage and disability.

2. Invoking and Provoking Multiple Sclerosis: Various conditions are deemed to invite multiple sclerosis.

o An individual’s genes are the first and foremost factor that contributes to the risk of developing MS at any stage of life. Medical research reveals that the kids born of those parents where either of them has a history of MS, are largely prone to it.

o Apart from the genes, an environment change is also instrumental in causing MS.

o Viruses of diseases such as herpes, measles, flu etc. have proved to be quite effective in invoking multiple sclerosis.

o Hormones, especially the sex hormones like estrogen and progesterone have weakened the immunity system and instigated MS.

3. The Indications:

MS may be exposed differently in different people or a single person may face various symptoms. Actually, the time MS strikes the nervous system, it becomes manifested via some or the other indicator. For instance, as soon as demyelination begins, the individual may experience lack of balance of his body, tremors, a paralytic attack and so forth. Gradually, these symptoms translate to outburst of the disease.

4. The Varying Features:

According to doctors, there are differing types of multiple sclerosis. The primary is the Relapsing- Remitting MS. As the name suggests, relapsing MS is that where MS dissolves or disappears but only initially, it recurs after a span of time. After relapsing, the disease begins to catch pace and so injure the spinal cord and brain.

If the nervous system starts worsening right after the inception of the symptoms, it is Progressive-Relapsing MS. Similarly there are Primary-Progressive and Secondary Progressive stages of Multiple Sclerosis. At the onset of this disease, the doctors by studying the symptoms determine or adjudicate which form it will take.

5. Diagnosing and Medication

Right after the perception of MS indicators, in order to confront the actual status of multiple sclerosis, doctors ask the individual to undergo different tests. MRI and blood tests are commonly advised to estimate the actual status of the disease. Besides the tests, medicines too are prescribed. There are quite a few good drugs available in the market such as Avonex, Rebif etc. However, MS does not seem to be cured by any of these measures then chemotherapy is the final resort. It is an extremely difficult treatment but it entails positive results.

6. Precautionary Measures:

o The best possible defence against all diseases is the intake of a rich balanced diet that strengthens the immunity system.

o If an individual has a background of diseases like hypertension, kidney issues and fluid retention etc. then the doctor ought to be ultra cautious prior to recommending any medicine. For there can be many serious hostile effects of these antibiotics.

o Those who fear MS due to appearance of some similar symptoms must go for an instant check up. Otherwise also, the people born of any of the MS parents must pay extra heed to their health ad consult doctor time and again.

o The effects of an environmental change should be carefully studied before making any trip to a foreign place.

What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome and What Causes It?

Is IBS a Disease like Crohn’s or Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. It is not a disease like Crohn’s or inflammatory bowel disease.

Symptoms vary widely from person to person, but they may include some of the following:

• Abdominal pain, sometimes localized to lower left quadrant

• Bloating

• Diarrhea

• Constipation

• Alternating diarrhea/constipation

• Change in stool consistency or appearance

• Mucous in stool

• Feeling of incomplete evacuation after bowel movements

• Sunset onset of uncontrollable urges to have bowel movements

• Excess gas

• Pain when sitting down

• Excess gurgling/rumbling/growling in stomach and abdomen

• Nausea and vomiting

• Burping

• Loss of appetite

• Unpleasant taste in mouth

• Heartburn

• Backache

• Lethargy

• Anxiety and/or depression

• Insomnia

• Heart palpitations

• Irritable bladder or incontinence

• Gynecological problems

As you can see, it is a long list. Many of the symptoms can be caused by other illnesses or conditions. Please do not self-diagnose. See your doctor – or several, if necessary – until you have a specific diagnosis.

If you experience any of the following, get to the hospital or see a doctor immediately. They are NOT symptoms of IBS:

• High temperature

• Blood in stool or fresh bleeding with bowel movements

• Constant, unrelenting pain

Most experts agree that IBS does not cause permanent damage or lead to more serious conditions such as cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.

What Causes IBS?

After talking to several doctors, nurses, and a dietician, I received no answer to this question. There is nothing definitive on the Internet, either. However, criteria have been established that help physicians diagnose irritable bowel syndrome. Called the Rome III Criteria, you can get more information at RomeCriteria.org.

The average patient sees three doctors over three years before finally receiving a proper diagnosis.

The criteria for irritable bowel syndrome are outlined below.

• Recurrent abdominal pain or discomfort at least three days per month in the last six months, associated with two or more of the following:

– Improvement with defecation

– Onset associated with a change in frequency of stool

– Onset associated with a change in form (appearance) of stool

It is important to obtain a specific diagnosis before you assume that you have IBS. Other diseases may cause similar symptoms, and they must be ruled out before making any assumptions. There is no diagnostic test available (yet) that can prove you have irritable bowel syndrome. However, extensive examinations can rule out other, more serious conditions such as celiac disease, bowel cancer, and Crohn’s.

Other Conditions that May Affect People with IBS

According to recent research, those with IBS may also suffer from one or more of the conditions on the following list:

• Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS)

• Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

• Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS)

• Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)

• Restless leg syndrome (RLS)

• Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)

• Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)

• Periodic limb movement (PLMS)

• Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome (MCSS)

• Tension headaches

• Irritable bladder

• Primary dysmenorrhea

• Migraine headaches

• Vulvodynia

There may also be an overlap of conditions such as:

• Globus

• Functional chest pain

• Functional heartburn

• Functional dysphagia

• Functional dyspepsia

• Aerophagia

• Functional vomiting

• Rumination syndrome

• Functional abdominal bloating

• Functional constipation

• Functional diarrhea

• Functional abdominal pain

• Gall bladder dysfunction

• Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction

• Functional fecal incontinence

• Functional anorectal pain

• Functional defecation disorders

Functional disorders do not produce abnormal test results and nothing unusual is seen on endoscopy or x-ray. These disorders are generally diagnosed by deciding what they are NOT, and then categorizing them by symptoms.


The material provided in this article is for informational purposes only. It is not meant to replace proper medical diagnosis, treatment, or advice. Always consult your physician and other appropriate health-care providers before taking any medications, natural remedies, or supplements; or before changing your diet. Discuss all plans, symptoms, and medical conditions with your doctor.

Any use of the ideas contained herein is at your own discretion, risk, and responsibility. The author assumes no liability for any of the information presented. There are no representations or warranties, either express or implied.

You should not begin or discontinue medical treatment based on information contained in this, or any other, article.

Goat Diseases – Protecting Your Goats From Common Illnesses

Like other farm animals, goats also suffer from various diseases especially if they fail to take occasional vaccination. These goat diseases may be bacterial, viral, or parasitic among others. As most of these diseases can be hardly determined due to their identical symptoms, it would be advisable for owners to have them checked up every once in a while for the benefit of the goat and for the safety of your farm.

Ketosis (Acetonemia) is one of the most common goat diseases because of the animal’s inclination to concentrated food. Another problem that farmers deal with is when the goat becomes profoundly infested with worms. This goat disease is known as ‘big head.’ You can tell when the goat has big head if it suddenly develops a swollen head accompanied by paleness of skin. This should not be confused with bloating, another common problem with goats. By observing your goat, you will notice that it frequently urinates, appears anxious, and behaves differently from the rest. At this point, the goat should be taken for consultation to avoid complications.

Goat diseases can be prevented with regular check-up. A once-a-month visit to the veterinarian would be advisable. Being on the lookout for possible trouble occurring within the herd would contribute in preventing loss of a goat. There are ways to know whether something is wrong with one of the goats.

– Observe which among the herd often isolates itself. Goats are naturally sociable and friendly that is why they pass for a pet nowadays and separation from the herd would mean a sign of problem

– Watch for abnormalities in feces and droppings. Usually, one suffering from a disease would have irregularity in droppings or urine. Among the most recognizable symptoms for goat diseases are diarrhea (with blood), pus from the ears, mouth, vulva or any part of the goat’s body

– Swelling of the chin is also another sign your goat is ailing

– Notice defects in movements besides the behavior

Meanwhile, you can do your own goat check as well to make sure that the herd is in the pink. The main areas that you have to secure are the rectal temperature with at least 39 degrees and the pulse rate that must be at 80 or less beats per minute.

It is important for every farmer to know the various goat diseases that may affect a member of the herd. Learning about the symptoms and first aid treatments would also help to minimize the risk. Give them proper goat care and you will only have to worry less.

Is There a Prevention of Prostate Cancer?

What is prevention? Prevention – a set of measures aimed at combating the risk factors for a disease. As for the pathology of the prostate in men, the health of the body, the so-called “heart” men are very concerned with urologists and oncologists worldwide. In most major hospitals are working to reduce the incidence of pathologies such as chronic prostatitis, BPH and cancer.

What to do immediately the man himself, to avoid such a dangerous and unpleasant diseases like prostate cancer. Before changing radically the style and nature of life, it is necessary to thoroughly examine all of the potential factors and causes of malignant growth in the body, in order to minimize their impact on your health.

Thus, the risk factors for prostate cancer are divided into several groups depending on the scientific validity and levels of evidence.

The first group, proved many clinical studies, factors.

First of all, it is the age. Almost seventy percent of men over the age of eighty years have microscopic signs of prostate cancer. The incidence in other age groups, as follows:

• Men under thirty-nine – 1: 10 000;

• Men from forty to fifty-nine – 1: 100;

• Men from sixty to seventy-nine – 1: 8.

There is some family history of prostate cancer. These cases represent less than 20% of patients. However, among men younger than fifty years, this figure is quite different and is 45%. Feature of prostate cancer has recently become “rejuvenation” of disease, which leads to the fact that the age of twenty persons become patients of cancer hospitals.

The second group of risk factors are those that are not supported by all the scientific studies:

Ingestion of large amounts of animal fats (lard, fried meat, fatty burgers, sausages, catering and fast-food products, mayonnaise, potato chips, cheese, chips, ice cream, cakes, pastries, margarine, and others). To limit the impact of animal fat on men’s health to discontinue the use of these ingredients should be avoided. Enough to exclude only some of them.

Dairy products can be used with a lower percentage of fat, vegetable margarine to replace butter, mayonnaise – cream. Chops, grilled bacon, burgers, pork should be used only for “holidays” and enrich the daily diet food steamed in Pressure cooker or in a pot. Give preference to better chicken breast, beef, rabbit. Should be introduced into the diet of sufficient quantity of fresh vegetables, fruits and salads.

As for exercise, in this case, there are two extremes. Lack of exercise, sedentary work, lead to stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs in males, which promotes tumor growth. Professional sports with regular physical activity also negatively affects health. Maximum benefit can be achieved by physical education.

The third group includes the potential risk factors. They are not proven by studies, but there is an assumption that they are more or less influence on the development of cancer.

• Elevated levels of trace elements cadmium, which are full of products grown on hormone supplements;

• Low levels of vitamin D, the lack of which affects the development of prostate cancer. A study was conducted that examined a large sample of men about the same age category. One half of them regularly living in warmer climates, the other in the northern cities. It was found that the southern residents likely to develop prostate cancer are much less than northerners.

• A significant role in the development of malignant transformation of epithelial cells of the prostate gland plays an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane, mainly sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, gonorrhea, syphilis, mycoplasmosis and others. Pathogens affect directly or indirectly on the state of the cells and may contribute to the development of certain irreversible changes in them, which serves as an impetus for the growth of the tumor.

• Also a role in cancer is given androgens – male sex hormones. They, of course, in itself is not a carcinogen, but determine the overall health, and most importantly the degree of immune protection that destroys normal every abnormal cells.