Cockatiel Diseases – A Description of 3 Pet Cockatiel Illnesses

Cockatiels are generally hardy birds which helps make them one of the most popular pet birds. However, there are illnesses that are specific to the species. Getting to know what is normal for your bird (and normal is different for birds even of the same species) will help you to know when there is a problem and allow you to get help quickly. Here are 3 descriptions of diseases and their symptoms.

Pacheco’s Virus has proven to be nearly 100% fatal because of its hard to detect symptoms and aggressive attack on the bird’s system. Caused by the herpes virus, it is generally spread from one bird to another through spoiled food, water, and droppings; and birds that are stressed seem more susceptible. There has been some success in treatment with the use of a vaccine, but it causes side effects that are almost as problematic as the disease itself, mainly tumors at the injection site, paralysis, and death. It is the larger parrots that seem to have most of the negative reactions to the vaccine. The best defense seems to be a powerful offense on the owner’s part by staying alert for any changes in your bird’s eating patterns, elimination, energy level, or onset of discharge of any kind and then getting your bird professional help immediately.

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease often abbreviated as PBFD is cause by a virus–psittacine circovirus 1 (PsCV-1), that attacks the immune system that presents with loss of feathers, deformed development of beaks, nails, and claws. Birds showing any of these symptoms should be immediately tested for the disease as early detection increases the chance of survival exponentially. This disease spreads through airborne dander, feather, dried fecal matter and secretions from the infected bird, easily infects other birds, but cannot be passed to humans. The good news is that often young birds survive and form a natural immunity to the disease.

Psittacosis sometimes referred to as Parrot Fever or Bird Fancier’s Lung (BFL), is a disease that all species of birds are susceptible to, and one that can be passed to humans as well. Pet birds are the most frequent transmitters of the disease especially many types of Parrots. Because it is caused by virus-like bacteria, it can be effectively treated with antibiotics when detected early. There is a good recovery rate for birds and humans. Spread from minute particle of infected fecal matter that dries and becomes airborne, it is a menace to other birds as well.

Goat Diseases – Protecting Your Goats From Common Illnesses

Like other farm animals, goats also suffer from various diseases especially if they fail to take occasional vaccination. These goat diseases may be bacterial, viral, or parasitic among others. As most of these diseases can be hardly determined due to their identical symptoms, it would be advisable for owners to have them checked up every once in a while for the benefit of the goat and for the safety of your farm.

Ketosis (Acetonemia) is one of the most common goat diseases because of the animal’s inclination to concentrated food. Another problem that farmers deal with is when the goat becomes profoundly infested with worms. This goat disease is known as ‘big head.’ You can tell when the goat has big head if it suddenly develops a swollen head accompanied by paleness of skin. This should not be confused with bloating, another common problem with goats. By observing your goat, you will notice that it frequently urinates, appears anxious, and behaves differently from the rest. At this point, the goat should be taken for consultation to avoid complications.

Goat diseases can be prevented with regular check-up. A once-a-month visit to the veterinarian would be advisable. Being on the lookout for possible trouble occurring within the herd would contribute in preventing loss of a goat. There are ways to know whether something is wrong with one of the goats.

– Observe which among the herd often isolates itself. Goats are naturally sociable and friendly that is why they pass for a pet nowadays and separation from the herd would mean a sign of problem

– Watch for abnormalities in feces and droppings. Usually, one suffering from a disease would have irregularity in droppings or urine. Among the most recognizable symptoms for goat diseases are diarrhea (with blood), pus from the ears, mouth, vulva or any part of the goat’s body

– Swelling of the chin is also another sign your goat is ailing

– Notice defects in movements besides the behavior

Meanwhile, you can do your own goat check as well to make sure that the herd is in the pink. The main areas that you have to secure are the rectal temperature with at least 39 degrees and the pulse rate that must be at 80 or less beats per minute.

It is important for every farmer to know the various goat diseases that may affect a member of the herd. Learning about the symptoms and first aid treatments would also help to minimize the risk. Give them proper goat care and you will only have to worry less.

How to Reduce the Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

There are a wide range of sexually transmitted diseases that you want to protect yourself against. Even taking contraception or ensuring the girl you are with is on contraception does not reduce the risk of you getting one of the diseases.

The good news is that the majority of STD’s are treatable. There are a few that aren’t, there is no cure, but there is effective treatment to help you manage the symptoms in the long term.

The common sexually transmitted diseases you will want to get to know about include HIV/AIDS, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B, just to mention a few. Each one has its own signs and symptoms, which is why it’s advisable to have confidential STD testing on a regular or semi-regular basis.

In order to reduce the risk of contracting any one of these diseases, you will want to use a condom. You should use a condom at all times, including if using toys, this can dramatically reduce the risk of contracting these diseases as they are spread through bodily fluids, which also includes blood.

Limit the number of partners you have. While you may find it fun to wake up in a different bed on a regular basis, you are not doing yourself any favors, by limiting your partners you can dramatically reduce the risk of getting any one of these diseases. Those in long term relationships with only one partner have the lowest risk of contracting these diseases unless one of you has another partner or has a drug habit.

One of the easiest ways to reduce the risk is to limit your alcohol and drug use. Spending a night out on the town and drinking in excess can leave you without any inhibitions, making it difficult to ensure that you don’t make the mistake and go home with someone, something you wouldn’t ordinarily do if you weren’t drinking. Rather be safe than sorry and limit yourself when drinking or ensure you are in the right frame of mind to make the best health decisions and reduce the risk of regret later on.

Now whether you find yourself in a situation with a new partner or you feel you have been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease in some way, the only way to be sure is to have a confidential STD test. The good news is that you can book your test online and there are literally thousands of laboratories that carry out this form of testing using numbers rather than names, so your name is kept private at all times.

You may have taken precautions, such as using a condom or ensuring that you didn’t drink too much, only to find out later that you have a partner that has been sharing needles, this is an example only. This has instantly put you at risk.

Do some online research into finding the best companies that can provide you with confidential STD testing. The thing to look for is a company that takes your privacy very seriously. They shouldn’t only offer a testing process, they should also offer advice and recommendations, along with counselling if needed and medical professionals who are able to give you a prescription if you need one.

If you have been diagnosed with a disease through confidential STD testing, it is imperative that you refrain from having sex for as long as the medical professional recommends while you take your medication. This reduces the risk of you passing on the disease to the next person.

7 Diseases Spread by Mosquitoes

No doubt, mosquitoes are such bothersome insects plaguing mankind today. With just one bite, this tiny pest can cause you trouble for a period of time.

On most cases, a mosquito bite can be harmless. Small bumps may emerge on the bitten skin, which may itch for a while and then disappear and disregarded.

However, there are times when a simple mosquito bite can result into something life-threatening. These tiny insects consume the blood of their hosts and as they fly from one victim to another, they can transmit mosquito-borne diseases. Various types of diseases can be acquired from a mosquito bite that can range from merely an annoyance to grave and alarming illnesses. Exterminating mosquitoes can be tough, but there are certain actions that you can take to protect yourself from getting bitten and refrain from having a mosquito-borne illness.

Below is a list of mosquito-borne diseases and symptoms that you should watch out for:

Zika Virus

Symptoms of Zika virus include fever, rash, pain in the joints and redness in the eyes. This disease is highly dangerous to pregnant women as it can cause birth defects such as microcephaly, which affects the head and brain.

Brazil and other South American countries are the areas where Zika virus is endemic. Up to date, there is still no known vaccine for Zika. Pregnant women should stay away from these areas to avoid coming into contact with the virus or mosquitoes carrying it.

Dengue Virus

This virus is found in many tourist spots in South America, the Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia but is rare in the United States. Rash, fever, headache, abnormal bruising and bleeding gums are the typical symptoms of this virus. There is no vaccine for Dengue and if neglected and not treated properly, this virus can cause a hemorrhagic fever that can be very fatal. It’s best to take measures to prevent mosquito bites, especially in areas frequented by the Dengue virus.

West Nile Virus

Most of the time, people do not experience symptoms from this virus. However, there are cases when this virus causes fever, joint pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash. On some occasion, this virus can lead to serious complications such as encephalitis and meningitis. Prevalent in almost every U.S. states, this virus, again, has no available vaccine.

Malaria

Commonly found in African countries, Malaria has symptoms like headache, fever, chills and vomiting. It is rarely found in the U.S. but if you travel a lot especially in African countries, you may get infected with the disease too. If you are in a place where this virus is prevalent, it is highly recommended to sleep under a mosquito net, apply insect repellent spray or lotion and spray insecticides in the area to keep the mosquitoes away.

Yellow Fever

Jaundice is caused by yellow fever, which can make one’s skin and eyes look yellowish. In addition, symptoms like headache, backache, chills and vomiting may also be experienced. Mosquitoes carrying this disease are prevalent in South America or Africa. There is a vaccine available to fight off this disease.

Chikungunya

Strong joint pain that in most cases may be severe that can affect one’s movement is the main symptom of Chikungunya. Rash, headache, nausea, and fatigue are other symptoms included in this disease. As there are many cases of Chikungunya in Europe and the Americas, this disease is found in Asia and India too. While many people recover from this disease, there is no known cure for Chikungunya. This disease may last for months or even years.

La Crosse Encephalitis

Most of the time, symptoms of this illness are not noticeable, but it may cause fever, headache, and nausea. There are around 100 cases of La Crosse Encephalitis reported in the US each year, mainly in the upper mid-west, mid-Atlantic and southwest.

Stay Safe

If mosquitoes are chronic in your area, guard yourself from being bitten. You should avoid areas where there’s stagnant water in which mosquitoes may breed. Try to stay indoors during the times when these insects are out the most. If you need to go out, make sure to use repellents for your protection.

When you are faced with symptoms other than the itchiness and redness from a mosquito bite, consult a doctor immediately to prevent any further complications.