Cockatiel Diseases – A Description of 3 Pet Cockatiel Illnesses

Cockatiels are generally hardy birds which helps make them one of the most popular pet birds. However, there are illnesses that are specific to the species. Getting to know what is normal for your bird (and normal is different for birds even of the same species) will help you to know when there is a problem and allow you to get help quickly. Here are 3 descriptions of diseases and their symptoms.

Pacheco’s Virus has proven to be nearly 100% fatal because of its hard to detect symptoms and aggressive attack on the bird’s system. Caused by the herpes virus, it is generally spread from one bird to another through spoiled food, water, and droppings; and birds that are stressed seem more susceptible. There has been some success in treatment with the use of a vaccine, but it causes side effects that are almost as problematic as the disease itself, mainly tumors at the injection site, paralysis, and death. It is the larger parrots that seem to have most of the negative reactions to the vaccine. The best defense seems to be a powerful offense on the owner’s part by staying alert for any changes in your bird’s eating patterns, elimination, energy level, or onset of discharge of any kind and then getting your bird professional help immediately.

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease often abbreviated as PBFD is cause by a virus–psittacine circovirus 1 (PsCV-1), that attacks the immune system that presents with loss of feathers, deformed development of beaks, nails, and claws. Birds showing any of these symptoms should be immediately tested for the disease as early detection increases the chance of survival exponentially. This disease spreads through airborne dander, feather, dried fecal matter and secretions from the infected bird, easily infects other birds, but cannot be passed to humans. The good news is that often young birds survive and form a natural immunity to the disease.

Psittacosis sometimes referred to as Parrot Fever or Bird Fancier’s Lung (BFL), is a disease that all species of birds are susceptible to, and one that can be passed to humans as well. Pet birds are the most frequent transmitters of the disease especially many types of Parrots. Because it is caused by virus-like bacteria, it can be effectively treated with antibiotics when detected early. There is a good recovery rate for birds and humans. Spread from minute particle of infected fecal matter that dries and becomes airborne, it is a menace to other birds as well.

Goat Diseases – Protecting Your Goats From Common Illnesses

Like other farm animals, goats also suffer from various diseases especially if they fail to take occasional vaccination. These goat diseases may be bacterial, viral, or parasitic among others. As most of these diseases can be hardly determined due to their identical symptoms, it would be advisable for owners to have them checked up every once in a while for the benefit of the goat and for the safety of your farm.

Ketosis (Acetonemia) is one of the most common goat diseases because of the animal’s inclination to concentrated food. Another problem that farmers deal with is when the goat becomes profoundly infested with worms. This goat disease is known as ‘big head.’ You can tell when the goat has big head if it suddenly develops a swollen head accompanied by paleness of skin. This should not be confused with bloating, another common problem with goats. By observing your goat, you will notice that it frequently urinates, appears anxious, and behaves differently from the rest. At this point, the goat should be taken for consultation to avoid complications.

Goat diseases can be prevented with regular check-up. A once-a-month visit to the veterinarian would be advisable. Being on the lookout for possible trouble occurring within the herd would contribute in preventing loss of a goat. There are ways to know whether something is wrong with one of the goats.

– Observe which among the herd often isolates itself. Goats are naturally sociable and friendly that is why they pass for a pet nowadays and separation from the herd would mean a sign of problem

– Watch for abnormalities in feces and droppings. Usually, one suffering from a disease would have irregularity in droppings or urine. Among the most recognizable symptoms for goat diseases are diarrhea (with blood), pus from the ears, mouth, vulva or any part of the goat’s body

– Swelling of the chin is also another sign your goat is ailing

– Notice defects in movements besides the behavior

Meanwhile, you can do your own goat check as well to make sure that the herd is in the pink. The main areas that you have to secure are the rectal temperature with at least 39 degrees and the pulse rate that must be at 80 or less beats per minute.

It is important for every farmer to know the various goat diseases that may affect a member of the herd. Learning about the symptoms and first aid treatments would also help to minimize the risk. Give them proper goat care and you will only have to worry less.