Alzheimer’s Disease Signs and Symptoms Help Identify Alzheimer’s Disease Early

There are a number Alzheimer’s disease signs and symptoms to be on the lookout for which can help diagnose this disease. The most prominent which is memory loss? What seems to be a simple mistake in memory may be the start of Alzheimer’s. Anyone can suffer short periods of forgetfulness. Alzheimer’s is much more than that; it actually attacks your short-term memory first. Then slowly keeps progressing.

Since 1906 when the German born psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer first discovered Alzheimer’s disease in a patient, until this very day. Alzheimer’s remains a fatal ailment that has both absolutely no cause as well as no known cure.

There are however medications to help slow this disease from developing into its final stages. In addition there are drugs already available that can assist the sufferer and manage the side effects of depression, hallucinations and delusions.

As Alzheimer’s disease signs and symptoms progress the patient will start to forget familiar things and will begin to lose well-known skills. The patient will begin to start forgetting people’s names. Then they will actually become unable to identify their friends and family.

It wouldn’t be fair to blame all memory loss on Alzheimer’s disease. There are two basic reasons for memory loss. Naturally the patient’s age is a factor.One of Ten people 65 years of age and older will be experiencing some form of Alzheimer’s. And 50% of people 85 years of age and older will also experience some form, Alzheimer’s.

Presently here in United States as of 2011 there are over 5 million sufferers. As the baby boomer generation begins to reach their golden years, this monster of a disease will be waiting for them. The first early sign of Alzheimer’s is memory loss. Alzheimer’s disease will first attack the frontal lobe where the short-term memory is stored, and in many cases not affect the patient’s long-term memory. But as the disease progresses the patient will lose more and more of their skills. It will affect the way an individual thinks their ability to speak, and their behavior.

The patient will become indecisive and can start having trouble within decision-making processes. These lapses of memory as well as cognitive functions are based on the frontal as well as temporal lobes of the brain.

The patient may experience mood swings and may become violent or even excessive passivity. The later on stages will be more terrible. Alzheimer’s patients will begin to loss control of their body functions and muscle control as well as mobility.

Alzheimer’s generally develops and become deadly within approximately 5 to 20 years.

Since Dr. Alzheimer identified the disease in 1903, there have been medical breakthroughs and research studies that have been discovered to be beneficial in preventing or even delaying Alzheimer’s disease.

Researchers believe that physical exercise and eating properly can reduce the chance of contracting this disease.people with high blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol, and low levels of vitamin b appeared to be at higher risk of getting Alzheimer’s disease.

Autoimmune Diseases – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

The immune system of our body is a collection of cells, tissues and molecules which work together to protect the body against any attack from foreign bodies like bacteria, viruses, fungi etc. Autoimmune disease occurs when the body’s immune system fails and starts producing antibodies which react against some of the body’s own tissues. This can have a lot of effects on the body and can even prove to be fatal in many cases. It is said to be the 3rd most common disease in USA. It is said to affect one in thirty one Americans.

An autoimmune process can cause the destruction of a particular type of cell or tissue, can cause an organ to grow excessively, and can even affect the organs’ functionality. The endocrine glands are mostly affected by this kind of disease. The generally affected areas include are the red blood cells, adrenal glands, thyroid, pancreas, connecting tissues and many skin and muscle joints. Women are more susceptible to auto immune diseases than men. The reason for this is yet to be discovered by researchers.

One of the main reasons for this could be that women have great immunity when compared to men for all kinds of diseases. So this makes them more prone to auto immune diseases.

Autoimmune diseases can be classified into 2 types:

Type1: Non organ Specific.

Type 2: Organ specific.

The first type of the disease can be spread throughout the entire body. Some of the non-organ specific disorders are: myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

The second type is specific to a particular organ of the body. Some of the organ specific disorders are: chronic hepatitis – a disease that affects the liver, Addison’s disease affecting the adrenal glands, pernicious anemia which affects the stomach, diabetes (insulin dependent) affecting the pancreas and Hashimoto’s disease that affects the thyroid glands.

Researchers believe that there are many factors that can be attributed as the cause of autoimmune diseases. Drugs, pollution, certain types of viruses, heredity are some of the attributed causes. Many doctors also believe that close marriages or marrying family members is also a major factor for the auto immune diseases.

Doctors conduct various tests like checking your blood samples, radiological studies etc to diagnose if you have the autoimmune disease. There symptoms accompanied by the auto immune disease are specific to each disease and widely vary. The general symptoms are fever, low grade infections, fatigue, dizziness and loss of appetite.

Most autoimmune diseases are given treatment according to the symptoms. Doctors prescribe corticosteroid drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and some very powerful immunosuppressant drugs like cyclophosphamide, azathioprine and methotrexate that suppresses the response of the immune system and there by the progression of the autoimmune disease.

There is no best remedy other than self care. If one takes proper care of themselves without leading an unhealthy life these diseases can be prevented. Doctors recommend a diet highly rich in vitamins and minerals can help reduce the effects of the auto immune disease.

To Your Health!

Signs, Symptoms and Treatment of Iron-Deficiency Anaemia

Iron-deficiency is amongst the most common diseases that have been found in many human beings. The disease caused due to lack of iron is also known as ‘Anaemia’ in medical terms and is a common, easily curable condition that exists in a human being who does not have enough iron in his body. The low iron levels are due to blood loss, poor diet, or an inability to absorb enough iron from food. In other words, anaemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells in your blood is lesser than the normal range. The red blood cells carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from your body.

Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of such a disease depend on its severity. By the time the disease is mild to moderate, there are rarely any signs and symptoms. The signs and symptoms do occur, ranging from mild to severe. Many symptoms of iron-deficiency anaemia apply to all types of anaemia. The key signs and symptoms of iron deficiency include brittle nails, swelling and soreness of the tongue, cracks in the sides of the mouth and frequent infections. The people who are suffering from iron-deficiency anaemia may have an unusual craving for items like ice, dirt, paint or starch.

Treatment options

There are many people who are diagnosed with this disease and the treatment for this condition depends upon the individual and the severity of the symptoms. The goals of the treatment for iron-deficiency are to bring back the normal functioning levels of red blood cells, haemoglobin and iron. Here are listed some of the treatments for this disease. Let us have a look:

  • Dietary changes: Beginning with the easiest, the doctors recommend the simple changes to the diet of the patient. To build up the amount of iron in human’s body quickly, start eating red meat as it is high in iron. For the people who are vegetarian or vegan, there are many other options to have a look on. For instance peas, lentils, baked beans etc. Opt for the excellent sources of iron to increase the iron percentage in your body.
  • Iron supplements: In case of the moderate and severe stage of deficiency, only dietary changes do not work well and therefore for the sake of an individual’s proper treatment and to improve his health, iron supplements are recommended by the doctors in order to cure anaemia, preventing the worsening of such deficiency especially among women and athletes. When someone starts taking the iron supplements, it becomes crucial for them to get enough vitamin C on regular basis. Vitamin C is an essential requirement because it assists with iron absorption and can be found in oranges, kiwis, strawberries etc.
  • Blood transfusions- When the disease comes to a serious level, it becomes necessary to receive a transfusion of red blood cells. This is one of the common procedures that involve giving blood to a person via IV line through a blood vessel. This treatment is also used on the patients having a high risk of heart conditions that could be worsened due to iron deficiency anaemia.
  • Iron therapy- This treatment is also known as ‘iron infusion’, wherein the iron is injected into an IV line in a blood vessel or into a muscle. This option is considered only in the cases when the patient is unable to take iron supplements by mouth due to another medical condition.

Dosage and duration recommendations for men, women and children

  • The men ageing between 19-50 years should get eight milligrams of iron per day.
  • The women ageing between 19-50 years should get eighteen milligrams of iron per day.
  • From 51 years onwards, both men and women are recommended to get eight milligrams iron per day.
  • For kids (both genders) ageing below six months, are recommended to get 0.27 milligram, seven months to one year old should get 11 milligrams, 1-3 years old should get seven milligrams, 4-8 years old should get ten milligrams, 9-13 years old should get eight milligrams of iron per day.
  • While 14-18 years old males need eleven milligrams and females need fifteen milligrams of iron per day.